From 2010, we undertook the development of Curriculum and Assessment Policy Statements (CAPS) for the South African Sign Language (SASL) Grades R-12 which were completed and approved as policy in July 2014. Similarly, our study has no direct application to the language policy debates at the university level. Talk Sign Sticker – Sheet of 20 R 200.00. Add to cart. First, though, some background. South African Sign Language - one language or many? Even more importantly, the quality of teachers, their English background and other aspects of school quality are typically stacked in favour of these “straight-for-English” schools. Add to cart. We are therefore not making any conclusions regarding the impact of English instruction in a utopian version of reality where all policies are perfectly implemented, but rather looking at the school system that we do have. Because non-language subjects in the matric exam are available only in English or Afrikaans, schools with pupils who are neither Afrikaans- nor English-speaking must figure out when to begin using English (or in a minority of cases, Afrikaans) as the language of instruction. Schools and teachers across South Africa rely on SLED to provide good resources, and friendly helpful back up and support in using the resources. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. ORDER NOW. Most children experience a transition from mother-tongue instruction to English instruction in grade four, something that by all reports is a difficult process. https://libguides.wits.ac.za/deaf_and_hardofhearing, Resources for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Persons, Accessibility perspectives on enabling South African sign language in the South African National Accessibility Portal, Hands and Wrists: Learning American Sign Language, An Interpreter Isn't Enough: Deafness, Language, and Due Process by Michele Lavigne, McCay Vernon, Interpreters' and Sign Language Organizations in South Africa, Language and Gesture in Brazilian Sign Language Narrative by Leland McCleary, Evani Viotti, Language Trademarks: Beginner Guide To ASL, Signing Savvy | ASL Sign Language Video Dictionary, Sign Language (American Sign Language)(ASL), Sign Language Education and Development (SLED), Sign language for the information society: an ICT roadmap for South African Sign Language. The ability to communicate is a basic human ability, including those in the Deaf community. Learning, including language learning, begins well before children enter formal schooling. SLED is not responsible for any of the conclusions of this study, and only the authors are responsible for any errors in transcription or description of the data. In a nutshell, the Talk Sign campaign aims to have South African Sign Language (SASL) approved as South Africa’s 12 th official language. As a bonus, there’s even a small crash-course in South African sign language too. As researchers focused on education in South Africa, we recently conducted a study that we believe provides some preliminary evidence on one important part of the language in education debate. Introduction This chapter focuses on signed languages in general and SASL in particular. Talk Sign 1 – A Basic South African Sign Language Guide R 200.00. OER @ Unisa Finding OERs Open Access African & SA OER initiatives Contact us Learn to speak an African Language Linguistics Sound Descriptions. Popularly Spoken Native Languages. Factors such as community- and home-level poverty, weak school functionality, weak instructional practices, inadequate teacher subject knowledge, and a need for greater accountability throughout the school system all represent much more severe constraints to achieving better education. In his recent Percy Baneshik Memorial Lecture to the English Academy of South Africa, Professor Jonathan Jansen recommends the introduction of English as the language of instruction as early as possible (“Wrest power from English tyranny“, Mail & Guardian, October 4). This video has no sound, however is full subtitled. South African Sign Language. In South African Sign Language there are five basic elements or parameters that make up each sign. Although this is what government recommends, many parents choose to send their children to straight-for-English schools (i.e. After all, evidence-based policy needs exactly that – evidence. Dr Stephen Taylor works in the department of basic education and Marisa Coetzee is a researcher in the economics department at the University of Stellenbosch. This policy decision would require additional research. Sign Language 1 2015 The Deaf Society Updated: Version 2, July 2015 INSIGHTS INTO AUSLAN Established and Productive Signs (Adapted by Anne Horton from “Australian Sign Language: An introduction to sign language linguistics” by Johnston and Schembri) Established Signs These signs are “frozen” and form the basis of the vocabulary listed in dictionaries respect for all languages used in the country, including South African Sign Language and the languages referred to in the South African Constitution. 1.2 The SAVC Language Policy is based on the following Acts, Regulations and Guidelines: 1.2.1 The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, (1996) in terms of: • Section 6(i) which affords official status to 11 languages and South African Sign Language; • Section 6(3) which states that, “The national government and provincial [Brushes finger and thumb down her nose.] Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. For a long time, learners who are Deaf were persistently marginalised as they had been deprived of a home language, resulting This finding seems to be in line with the thinking of education specialists, who have for many years promoted the advantages of mother-tongue instruction in the early stages of children’s education. It creates obligations that will make sign language more commonly available in a range of situations, including anywhere front-line staff often deal with deaf people. The current language in education policy encourages the use of mother-tongue instruction in the first three years of primary school followed by a switch to English or Afrikaans in grade four, but allows schools to make the final decisions. This research tells us the average effect of language of instruction in South African schools as things are currently being implemented. The constitution mentions "sign language" in the generic sense rather than South African Sign Language specifically. South African Sign Language is the primary sign language used by deaf people in South Africa. The document, it says, "applies to all segments of the South African society" and "creates obligations" to protect the linguistic rights of the deaf community. SASL South African Sign Language TISSA Telephone Interpreting Service for South Africa . We believe these research findings to be an important starting point from which to take the language debate forward. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! What we can and cannot say The copyright of the items in this collection belongs to the University of South Africa. Signwriting in South Africa. Speaking hands and silent voices : exploring the identities of d/Deaf teachers through narratives in motion. It is important to recognise these limitations, because there are many policy issues and arguments that often get confused in South Africa’s language debates. Please take your time to browse through the word list under the "WORD LIST" button. Add to cart. language and deaf culture, in South Africa sign language is not an official language and currently is taught only in special schools for the deaf. Ethics Hotline: 0800 005 311. [email protected] As with any study, our findings have their limitations. Recent Submissions. Ayanda Ntukwana signs in South African Sign Language for the video, and subtitles are in English.] English from day 1), and this is especially true for wealthier parents. About Donations. Add to cart. “At SLED I focus on facilitating South African Sign Language training. The Deaf Federation of South Africa stated that it was approaching the Committee as a suggested first step in its quest to have South African Sign Language recognised as the twelfth official language of South Africa. CONNECT WITH US. ( Log Out /  Two friends (and colleagues) of mine have recently completed a Working Paper (“Estimating the impact of language of instruction in South African primary schools: A fixed effects approach“) which is well worth the read – methodologically interesting and highly policy-relevant, the very thing we need more of in South Africa. For those who aren’t from South Africa, we have 11 official languages – Afrikaans, English, isiNdebele, isiXhosa, isiZulu, Sesotho sa Leboa, Sesotho, Setswana, siSwati, Tshivenda, and Xitsonga. South African Sign Language Dictionary for Families of Young Deaf Children . Classes are also given on request, should it seem fitting. 2.The inherited language-in-education policy in South Africa has been fraught with tensions, contradictions and sensitivities, and underpinned by racial and linguistic discrimination. Sign Language in the Brain. SASL would enable you to communicate with a Deaf person and provide you with the ability to communicate and therefor render a professional service to the Deaf without the use of an interpreter. You need motivation and passion to enrol for this course. On the other hand, most schools choose to teach in the home language of the majority of the children in the school during grades one, two and three while they take either English or Afrikaans as a language subject to help them to prepare for the switch (we refer to these schools as mother-tongue schools). ( Log Out /  Ayanda Ntukwana signs in South African Sign Language for the video, and subtitles are in English.] Doesn’t practice make perfect?However, most linguistic theory doesn’t agree. Sign language for the information society: an ICT roadmap for South African Sign Language. Both sets of factors – school quality as well as the home environment – have been shown by research to impact strongly on the academic performance of children. Development of indigenous languages and South African Sign Language/s 8 Subject to the provisions of section 9(a), the Minister shall take practical and positive measures for the development of the indigenous languages and South African Sign Language/s, in particular to – (a) identify priority areas for the development of these languages; ( Log Out /  This is my sign name. For a long time, learners who are Deaf were persistently marginalised as they had been deprived of a home language, resulting in their education not being one of quality. What happens in South African schools is that children usually learn in their mother-tongue for the first three years (Grades 1-3) then switch to either English or Afrikaans in Grade 4 and continue with that language for the rest of their schooling career. Our study provides preliminary evidence on one key aspect of the matter: as things are currently being implemented, the choice to use mother-tongue instruction as opposed to English instruction in grades one, two and three generally leads to better English learning in the long run. One of the perennial issues that arises when discussing South African education is our complex language policy. Talk Sign Sticker – Sheet of 20 R 200.00. At first this seems like a fair assumption to make: Surely the earlier you start with English the better? SignGenius SASL Pro v.3.1.3.718 Learn South African Sign Language in a fast, interactive and convenient way. Since 2001 Sign Language Education and Development (SLED) has become known throughout South Africa and its neighbouring countries, as a Deaf non-profit organisation that is committed to providing the Deaf child of South Africa with an equal and democratic right to literacy, learning and access to information through the promotion of South African Sign Language (SASL). South African Sign Language. In a 1953 landmark publication, UNESCO underscored the importance of educating children in their mother-tongue (UNESCO, 1953). About 60% of children in grade three learn in a language other than English or Afrikaans. SASL is not the only manual language used in South Africa, but it is the language that is being promoted as the language to be used by the Deaf in South Africa, although Deaf peoples in South Africa … The hands are in many colors and shades. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. In a nutshell, the Talk Sign campaign aims to have South African Sign Language (SASL) approved as South Africa’s 12 th official language. Get In Touch! Although this is what government recommends, many parents choose to send their children to straight-for-English schools (i.e. This Libguide provides information and useful web resources for persons who are deaf or who have hearing impairments, as well as persons providing education, training or other services to persons with hearing problems. Our friend, Ann Matthews, has developed a South African Sign Language Manual for parent-training classes provided at Mary Kihn School (where she once worked) in Observatory. Combining these data sets, we are able to separate the effects of overall school quality and home circumstances from the impact of language of instruction on the performance of children in a standardised English test written in grades four, five and six. About Donations. The goal is to optimise educational outcomes, which include English fluency, mother-tongue fluency and skills in other subject areas, for pupils whose first language is not English but how does one best achieve this? By grade four, this proportion is only about 5%. 031 309 4991. “Hi. A rough estimate based on Census 2001 first-language data and a 2002 study of second-languages speakers is that the average South African – man, woman and child – uses 2.84 languages. So education policymakers in countries with multiple home languages, such as South Africa, have a dilemma. Sign Language in the Brain. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Student enquiries. Evidence-based findings We are conscious of the important part the public broadcaster should play in facilitating the fulfilment of these rights, and pledge our commitment to working towards these goals. What language should South African children be taught in? Click on the button and refresh your mind with some basic English and Sign Language grammar. From 2010, we undertook the development of Curriculum and Assessment Policy Statements (CAPS) for the South African Sign Language (SASL) Grades R-12 which were completed and approved as policy in July 2014. They write here in their personal ­capacities as academic ­researchers. For those less interested in fixed effects and more inclined to scroll to their conclusions, you’re better off reading a Mail & Guardian article they wrote last week which I am going to include verbatim below because I think it is a truly excellent article! Among children in schools of a similar quality and coming from similar home backgrounds, those who were taught in their home language during the first three years of primary school performed better in the English test in grades four, five and six than children who were exposed to English as the language of instruction in grades one, two and three. Advanced Search function. We investigate the different factors that underlie the claims that there is more than one sign language in South Africa, and we spell out the practical consequences of accepting these claims without further examination. (iii) sign language; and (b) promote and ensure respect for - (i) all languages commonly used by communities in South Africa, including German, Greek, Gujarati, Hindi, Portuguese, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu; and (ii) Arabic, Hebrew, Sanskrit and other languages used for religious purposes in South Africa. explanation(s) for events, the same language, and same mode of dressing and so on. Cape Town - During a webinar hosted by DeafSA, Cultural Affairs and Sport the MEC Anroux Marais said the department was committed to promoting the use of South African Sign Language … Add to cart. I have a great passion for teaching Deaf children. SASL South African Sign Language TISSA Telephone Interpreting Service for South Africa . SignOnOne. Language level: Refers to the level of proficiency at which language learning areas are offered at school (e.g. Talk Sign 1 – A Basic South African Sign Language Guide R 200.00. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. 2.The inherited language-in-education policy in South Africa has been fraught with tensions, contradictions and sensitivities, and underpinned by racial and linguistic discrimination. Talk Sign Sticker – … [Brushes finger and thumb down her nose.] According to the University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, nearly 500,000 deaf South Africans use SASL and yet, due to years of misunderstanding of the Deaf community, there are very few SASL interpreters. SignOnOne. Zulu is the most widely spoken language in South Africa with about 12 million speakers representing 23% of the country’s population. Some schools choose to commence immediately with English as the language of instruction from grade one (these are sometimes referred to as “straight-for-English” schools). The choice is between English instruction from grade one or starting with mother-tongue instruction and transitioning to English as the language of instruction at a later grade. South African Sign Language (SASL) is one of the visual-spatial native languages used by the Deaf community in South Africa to learn, communicate, express thoughts, feelings and abstract ideas. We currently have over 800 documented signs you can learn from. promote South African Sign Language and "the Khoi, Nama and San languages". colonies in Africa, Asia and South America gained their political independence. About Donations. We also used test score data from the annual national assessments of 2012 for all children in grades one to six. Our friend, Ann Matthews, has developed a South African Sign Language Manual for parent-training classes provided at Mary Kihn School (where she once worked) in Observatory. Add to cart. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. South African Sign Language 2.1. ORDER NOW. This week we are teaching SASL Fingerspelling - Alphabet and Introduction/Greetings by Yuvini Gounden. Measuring the impact of this language choice on the academic performance of children later in life is no simple task. This is my sign name. It is an indigenous language that constitutes an important element of South African linguistic and cultural heritage. My name is Ayanda Ntukwana. Therefore, a “straight-for-English” approach still involves a transition in a child’s language of learning, and children may be less well prepared for such a transition in grade one than in grade four. What we need is rigorous evidence. Deaf people have access to upload videos, and vote for the signs they frequently use. In order to make headway on this important issue, we need to move beyond a discourse fuelled by ideology and emotions towards one informed by rigorous research. Change ). Talk Sign 1 – A Basic South African Sign Language Guide R 200.00. language policy in education would be most appropriate for Africa. The language is understood by more than half of South Africans. Talk Sign 1 – A Basic South African Sign Language Guide R 200.00. Talk Sign Sticker – Sheet of 20 R 200.00. We will describe our findings below. Although there is a lot of theory about this, there is very little empirical evidence on the causal impact of these alternative instructional models. The South African Sign Language curriculum is based on Unit Standards of which the applicable content for the relevant course is selected, but it is not for credit purposes since universities work on a different level to the SAQA credits. A sociolinguistic question . On Friday the Pan South African Language Board, a constitutional body with broad powers to monitor how the state treats different languages, gazetted a draft South African Sign Language Charter. The real question is how much of the differences in performance is explained by children’s home circumstances, how much by a school’s quality and, lastly, how much by the language in which children are taught. Slow play. SLED produces high quality South African Sign Language literature, and Education Resources for Deaf Education. As Jansen observes, many black parents recognise that English proficiency is important for successful participation in the economy, and therefore conclude that their children should be instructed in English. Advocates of both “straight-for-English” approaches and mother-tongue instruction envisage a carefully thought-through set of instructional practices implemented by high-quality teachers and supported by sufficient materials. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The contrast between first language and second language is shown in the maps at right. The general characteristics of sign languages will be discussed, followed by a discussion on the history of SASL and the varieties of sign language used in South Africa. We use this manual for our beginner South African Sign Language group. Since 2001 Sign Language Education and Development (SLED) has become known throughout South Africa and its neighbouring countries, as a Deaf non-profit organisation that is committed to providing the Deaf child of South Africa with an equal and democratic right to literacy, learning and access to information through the promotion of South African Sign Language (SASL). Obviously, many people are limited to one, and many others able to speak three, four or more languages. But these arguments only take us so far. We describe the legal and actual situation of South Afiican Sign Language in South Africa today, larly in relation to schooling. Real South African Sign Language (Realsasl.com) strives to create an extensive database of South African Signs. South African sign language (SASL) is a uni que language and is not linguistically related to spoken languages in South Africa (English or isiZulu, for example). Speaking hands and silent voices : exploring the identities of d/Deaf teachers through narratives in motion. When we therefore observe that children in the “straight-for-English” schools perform much better than their peers in the home-language schools in both English and mathematics, it would be naive to conclude that this is primarily driven by the language of instruction. SHOP. South African Sign Language (SASL, Afrikaans: Suid-Afrikaanse Gebaretaal) is the primary sign language used by deaf people in South Africa.The South African government added a National Language Unit for South African Sign Language in 2001. “I have been working at SLED for 7 years. With 2221 videos in several categories learning SASL has never been easier. The motivation for this study was to gain insight into the situation at the schools where this policy matters most. Unisa Open . This course, the first of two modules at Level 3, aims to enable participants to engage in specific sustained communication with users of the language in South African Sign Language at upper-intermediate A level, including making complex arrangements and engaging in sustained communication regarding the Deaf community and technology, services and education for the Deaf. For those who aren’t from South Africa, we have 11 official languages – Afrikaans, English, isiNdebele, isiXhosa, isiZulu, Sesotho sa Leboa, Sesotho, Setswana, siSwati, Tshivenda, and Xitsonga. The theme of language in education has been a contentious issue ever since former colonies in Africa, Asia and South America gained their political independence. Finally, although our study points to the value of the mother tongue as the language of instruction, it may well also be important to strengthen the teaching of English as a subject in the early grades to help to facilitate the transition to English in grade four, as the curriculum and assessment policy statements recommend. Click on the button to see a video on the Do's and Don'ts of interacting with Deaf people. “Hi. Frame-by-frame viewing of videos. In light of these challenges, and bearing in mind the need for evidence-based policy, we have released a working paper containing our research on this issue. Although our study confirms that the language of instruction is an important contributor to the academic performance of children, it is not the main contributor. SignGenius SASL Pro 3 is the future for sign language software. However, the suggestion that using English as the language of instruction from grade one would avoid this difficult transition is too good to be true. For SignGenius SASL Pro we created 2221 video clips of the most frequently used signs. 5 National Language Policy Framework - 2003 SECTION 1: BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT 1.1 Introduction 1.1.1 Approximately 25 different languages are spoken in South Africa, of which 11 have been granted official status in terms of section 6 of the Constitution (Act No. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. One of the perennial issues that arises when discussing South African education is our complex language policy. Our results are not directly informative for policy decisions regarding the extension of mother-tongue instruction beyond the grade three level. Operates without CD. The ongoing debates about the language of instruction in schools evoke strong (and often emotional) responses, as has again been seen in the various contributions in the media during the past two weeks.However, these responses are seldom backed by evidence. KwaZulu-Natal Blind and Deaf Society Donations to the Society is tax deductible in terms of Section 18A(1)(a) Income Tax Act. Therefore, we cannot make deductions about what the impact would be if all teachers were able to speak English fluently and household poverty and gaps in school quality were eliminated from the South African landscape. SignGenius SASL Pro v.3.1.3.718 Learn South African Sign Language in a fast, interactive and convenient way. In this article we discuss the signed language used by the Deaf community in South Africa, and examine the historical conditions for its emergence. “I have been working at SLED for 7 years. Add to cart. Community Resources. CONNECT WITH US. In a 1953 landmark publication, UNESCO underscored the … “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.” – Mandela. … Language and communication are without doubt two of the most important factors in the learning process. The size of the difference is not inconsequential: it is equivalent to about a third of a year of additional learning for children who were instructed in their home language during grades one, two and three compared with their peers who were instructed only in English during that same period. ( Log Out /  Who should enrol? Includes an easy to use South African Sign Language Dictionary or Tutor module. Ability to keep track of best test scores per category. Their full academic paper is ­available at http://www.ekon.sun.ac.za/wpapers/2013/wp212013. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. This situation gives rise to a number of questions like when and how one should transition to English. What happens in South African schools is that children usually learn in their mother-tongue for the first three years (Grades 1-3) then switch to either English or Afrikaans in Grade 4 and continue with that language for the rest of their schooling career. Initiatives Contact us Learn to speak an African Language policy check your email addresses teaching Deaf children –... Language-In-Education policy in South Africa | SLED - Sign Language specifically enter your email addresses passion to enrol this. African signs categories learning SASL has never been easier in general and SASL in particular day )... 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