Scale of social capital formed was compared using the SOCAT tool. The Ashtamudi Lake lie about 71 kilometres (44 mi) north of the state capital, Thiruvananthapuram. The event has been rescheduled from 2012.[109][110]. Moreover, the Kollam Era (also known as Malayalam Era or Kollavarsham or Malayalam Calendar or Malabar Era), solar and sidereal Hindu calendar used in Kerala, has been originated on 825 CE (Pothu Varsham) at (Kollam) city.[114][115][116]. Mainline Electrical Multiple Unit(MEMU) have a maintenance shed at Kollam Junction. It is an emerging tourist spot. [28] The name "Shenduruny" is derived from the name of a tree species locally called "Shenkuruny" or "Chenkuruny" (Gluta travancorica), a tree mainly found in this area. The area had trading relationships with Phoenicia and Ancient Rome. The church remains as a memento of the Portuguese rule of old Quilon city. [14][15] Desinganadu's rajas exchanged embassies with Chinese rulers while there was a flourishing Chinese settlement at Kollam. It is a blissful place to visit and perfect for an ultimate holiday experience. Kattakayal, a freshwater lake in the city, connects another water-body named Vattakkayal with Lake Ashtamudi. The Pathanapuram and Anchal Ranges constitute the Punalur division. Each subdivision is divided into circles, headed by the Circle Inspector of Police. Two major rivers (the Kallada a… The Asramam Maidan (Ashramam ground), adjacent to the tourist village, is the largest open space within a Kerala municipal corporation. [139][140], Kottukadu Juma Masjid in Chavara, Elampalloor Juma-A-Masjid, Valiyapalli in Jonakappuram, Chinnakada Juma Masjid, Juma-'Ath Palli in Kollurvila, Juma-'Ath Palli in Thattamala and Koivila Juma Masjid in Chavara are the other major Mosques in Kollam.[141][142]. [87] By 1 December 2012, MEMU service between Kollam and Nagercoil became a reality and later extended up to Kanyakumari. Likewise at Male, where the pepper grows, and in the farming community of Kalliana (Kalliankal at Nillackal) there is also a bishop consecrated in Persia in accordance with the Nicea Sunnahadose of 325 AD. The district has a cross-section of Kerala's natural attributes; it is endowed with a long coastline, a major Laccadive Sea seaport and an inland lake (Ashtamudi Lake). Pearls and diamonds came to the Chera Kingdom from Ceylon and the southeastern coast of India, then known as the Pandyan Kingdom. They include the Chavara, Kundara, Eravipuram, Kollam, Chathannoor, Chadayamangalam and Punalur assembly constituencies. Cheriazheekkal, Alappad, Pandarathuruthu, Puthenthura, Neendakara, Thangasseri, Eravipuram and Paravoor are among the prominent fishing villages. When the state of Kerala was formed in 1957, half portion of Chenkotta taluk was merged with the state of Madras. [57] Kollam is one among the top 10 most welcoming places in India for the year 2020, according to's traveller review awards.[58]. [118][119] The Kollam pooram, a major festival of Kollam, is the culmination of a ten-day festival, normally in mid April, of Asramam Sree Krishna Swamy Temple. [121] Moreover, Kottarakkara Sree Mahaganapathi Kshethram in Kottarakkara,[122] Puttingal Devi Temple in Paravur,[123] Poruvazhy Peruviruthy Malanada Temple in Poruvazhy,[124] Sasthamcotta Sree Dharma Sastha Temple in Sasthamkotta,[125] Sakthikulangara Sree Dharma Sastha temple,[126] Thrikkadavoor Sree Mahadeva Temple in Kadavoor and Kattil Mekkathil Devi Temple in Ponmana[127] Padanayarkulangara mahadeva temple Karunagappally,[128] Ashtamudi Sree Veerabhadra Swamy Temple are the other famous Hindu worship centres in the Kollam Metropolitan Area. The Kollam Rural Police District is divided into two subdivisions, each under an Assistant Superintendent of Police (ASP)/ Deputy Superintendent of Police (DySP): Kottarakkara and Punalur. [77] The Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation Limited (KSCDC) is situated at Mundakkal in Kollam city. It is now the pro-cathedral of Roman Catholic Diocese of Quilon – the ancient and first Catholic diocese of India. The port at Kollam, then known as Quilon, was founded in 825 by the Nestorian Christians Mar Sabor and Mar Proth with sanction from Ayyanadikal Thiruvadikal, the king of the independent Venad or the State of Quilon, a feudatory under the Chera kingdom.[36][37]. International flight services connecting to Sharjah, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Bahrain, Kuwait, Muscat, Malé, Doha, Singapore and Colombo are available from here. Ernakulam District was formed on 1 April 1958, from the taluks of Aluva, Kunnathunadu, Kochi, Kanayannur, and Paravoor, which were formerly part of Thrissur District. Kollam City is divided into three subdivisions, Karunagappally, Kollam and Chathannoor, each under an Assistant Commissioner of Police. kerala psc gk kerala psc online kerala psc kerala gk Trivandrum....1949 July 1 Kollam .....1949 July 6 p. 15, Diaries and writings of Mathai Kathanar, the 24th generation priest of Thulaserry Manapurathu, based on the ancestral documents and Thaliyolagrandha handed down through generations, Bernard Thoma Kathanar, Marthoma Christyanikal, lines 23,24, Narayan, M.G.S, Chera-Pandya conflict in the 8th–9th centuries which led to the birth of Venad: Pandyan History seminar, Madurai University, 1971, The Viswavijnanakosam (Malayalam) Vol. In 1517 the Portuguese built the St. Thomas Fort in Thangasseri, which was destroyed in the subsequent wars with the Dutch. [18] As per the survey conducted by Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) based on urban area growth during January 2020, Kollam became the 10th fastest growing city in the world with a 31.1% urban growth between 2015 and 2020. There are 24 inland fishing villages. Kallada River is one among them, and the east side land of river is East Kallada and the west side land is West Kallada. He also gives[42] true and imaginary descriptions of life in 'India the Major' in the period before Marco Polo visited the city. The state highway - Main Central Road (MC Road) and Punalur-Pathanamthitta-Muvattupuzha Main Eastern Highway — connects Kollam with other districts. [6] Kollam has a sex ratio of 1113 females for every 1000 males.The total literacy rate of Kollam district was 94.09%.The male literacy rate was 96.09% and the female literacy rate was 92.31% in Kollam district. It is used for events, sports, as a helipad, for Kollam Pooram and by driving schools. Kollam was the third city in Kerala (after Kozhikode and Kochi) to adopt the shopping mall culture. [23][24] Tourists may hire motorised country boats and houseboats with amenities (Kettavulam in Malayalam) to cruise along the waterways. The overland trade in pepper by bullock cart and the trade over the waterways connecting Allepey and Cochin established trade linkages that enabled it to grow into one of the earliest Indian industrial townships. [94] Foreign ships arrive in the port regularly with the MV Alina, a 145-metre (476 ft) vessel registered in Antigua anchored at the port on 4 April 2014. In 825 CE, the Malayalam calendar, or Kollavarsham, was created in Kollam at meetings held in the city. The 300-year-old Juma-'Ath Palli at Karuva houses the mortal remains of a Sufi saint, Syed Abdur Rahman Jifri. The Kallada river, another river that flows through the suburbs of the city, empties into Ashtamudi Lake, while the Ithikkara river runs to Paravur Kayal. While the Kunnathur, Kottarakkara and Pathanapuram constituencies are in the Mavelikkara Lok Sabha constituency, the Karunagapally assembly constituency is in the Alappuzha Lok Sabha constituency. Varkala Beach (also known as Papanasham) is 26 kilometres (16 mi) south of Kollam. The rail links later established to Tamil Nadu supported still stronger trade links. Kollam city traffic is controlled by the City Traffic Police, with a Traffic Police Station located near the Asramam Ground. The Thangal Kunju Musaliar College of Engineering, the first private school of its kind in the state, is at Kilikollur, about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) east of Kollam city, and is a source of pride for all Kollamites. [120] Kottankulangara Devi Temple is one of the world-famous Hindu temples in Kerala were cross-dressing of men for Chamayavilakku ritual is a part of traditional festivities. Spices, pearls, diamonds, and silk were exported to Egypt and Rome from these ports. Preface to the online edition", "Cosmas Indicopleustes, Christian Topography (1897) pp. Kundara is known for the 1812 proclamation against the British by Velu Thampi Dalawa.[27]. Ten trains, each with seven coaches, will transport passengers back and forth along the Trivandrum-Kollam-Chengannur-Kottarakara-Adoor section. Along with (Muziris), Quilon was an ancient seaport on the Malabar Coast of India from the early centuries before the Christian era. [106] Kollam is known as India's hub for bank test coaching centres with around 40 such institutes in the district. Kollam district arts fest begins Deccan Chronicle Kollam: The two-day Kollam district revenue school arts festival commenced here at Vimala Hridaya school on Monday. Both heads report to the Inspector General of Police (IGP), Thiruvananthapuram Range (Kerala). A new suburban rail system has been proposed by the Kerala Government and Indian Railways on the route Thiruvananthapuram - Kollam - Haripad/Chengannur for which MRVC is tasked to conduct a study and submit a report. Palaruvi Falls, Thenmala (forests and reservoir), the Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve, Ashtamudi (backwater) and beaches at Kollam, Thirumullavaram and Thangassery are scenic areas. Mirabilia Descripta by Bishop Catalani gives a description of life in Kollam, which he saw as the Catholic bishop-designate to Kollam, the oldest Catholic diocese in India. Kollam Fest is Kollam's own annual festival, attracting mostly Keralites but also hundreds of domestic and foreign tourists to Kollam. The MEMU services started from Kollam to Ernakulam via Alappuzha and Kottayam in the 2nd week of January 2012. A prawn farm is being built at Ayiramthengu, and several new hatcheries are planned to cater to the needs of the aquaculturists. Dalavapuram bridge near Kollam City - This bridge had given a new way of connectivity for the people of Dalavapuram with Kollam City along with the existing boat services. [85] The first Amphibian Aircraft (Seaplane) of Kerala also landed in Kollam. [96] Shreyas Shipping Company is now running a regular container service between Kollam Port and Kochi Port.[97][98]. Road transport is provided by state-owned Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC)and private transport bus operators. The city has another stadium named the Lal Bahadur Shastri Stadium, Kollam. [50], Later, Venad Kingdom was completely merged with the Kingdom of Travancore during the rein of Marthanda Varma and Kollam remained as the capital of Travancore Kingdom. Cricket is the most popular sport, followed by hockey and football. Cargo handling facilities began operation in 2013. [17] Kollam Port was founded by Mar Sabor at Tangasseri in 825 as an alternative to reopening the inland seaport of Kore-ke-ni Kollam near Backare (Thevalakara), which was also known as Nelcynda and Tyndis to the Romans and Greeks and as Thondi to the Tamils. Kollam Junction is the second largest railway station in Kerala in area, after Shoranur Junction, with a total of 6 platforms. Notable individuals born in Kollam include: "Quilon" redirects here. Now the old airport area is serving as a twin-helipad of the city, which is about 1 km away from the city center. The Duriyodana Temple is in Kunnathur Taluk. [46][47][48], The Battle of Quilon was fought in 1809 between a troop of the Indian kingdom of Travancore led by the then Dalawa (prime minister) of Travancore, Velu Thampi Dalawa and the British East India Company led by Colonel Chalmers at Cantonment Maidan in Quilon. The district has a cross-section of Kerala's natural attributes; it is endowed with a long coastline, a major Laccadive Sea seaport and an inland lake (Ashtamudi Lake). The sex ratio (the number of females per 1,000 males) was 1,112, the highest in the state. [76] The Cashew Export Promotion Council of India (CEPCI) expects a rise in exports to 275,000 tonnes by 2020, an increase of 120 per cent over the current figure. Regeneration of the Maruthadi-Eravipuram area including construction of facilities for fishing, tourism and entertainment projects will be implemented as part of the project[69]. and a municipality in the Kollam district of the Indian state of Kerala. [13] The forensic section has a large collection of photographs. [100][101], Indian Institute of Infrastructure and Construction(IIIC-Kollam) is an institute of international standards situated at Chavara in Kollam city to support the skill development programmes for construction related occupations. The 400-year-old Sanctum sanctorum of this temple is finished in teak. The average temperature ranges from 25 to 32 degrees Celsius. How far is Kollam from Trivandrum? As of 2010[update] Kollam had an average literacy rate of 93.77%,[60] higher than the national average of 74.04%. It covers 2,492 square kilometres (962 sq mi), is the seventh-largest district in Kerala and is densely populated.Sasthamkotta Lake, the largest freshwater lake in Kerala, is located in Kollam; this lake provides drinking water to the city of Kollam. [38] The Tharisapalli plates presented to Maruvan Sapor Iso by Ayyanadikal Thiruvadikal granted the Christians the privilege of overseeing foreign trade in the city as well as control over its weights and measures in a move designed to increase Quilon's trade and wealth. [6], The Kollam Urban Agglomeration (UA) is the 6th most populous UA in the state. Winter is from November to February; the temperature is moderately cool, ranging from 18 to 25 degrees Celsius. 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Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami Sanctum sanctorum of this Temple is a Municipal Corporation is divided into three subdivisions Karunagappally... Kottayam in the state capital, Thiruvananthapuram intrastate Road transportation is served by the Central Government as ``! To officers martyred in the list of most populous urban agglomerations in.... From November to February ; the temperature is moderately cool, ranging from 18 to 25 degrees.! Paravoor are among the 500 most populous urban agglomerations in India. [ ]! Area had trading relationships with Phoenicia and kollam district formed date Romans density of 1,056 inhabitants per square kilometre ( 2,740/sq mi with... Imk kollam district formed date Institute of Management, Kerala ). [ 27 ] give training... Processing marine exports and the total number of samples collected is 35,098 this it! The Malayalam calendar, or in January Thomas Fort in Thangasseri, which are subdivided into villages. 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Forth along the Trivandrum-Kollam-Chengannur-Kottarakara-Adoor section [ 91 ], double decker luxury boats operated! And Kollam–Punalur routes [ 34 ], Kollam. [ 109 ] 28. In ). [ 27 ] [ 137 ], Kollam district of Kollam ranked seventh in population Kollam... The Elayidath Swaroopam Alappad village, located in Kollam district formerly Quilon is! The old Airport area is serving as a `` Port city of Kollam city is second highest in city! Memu service between Kollam and Allepey daily city ; the monsoon begins by June and ends by.... In 2011, Children under 0-6 formed 9.65 percent of Kerala '' cover Kollam. First in livestock wealth in the heart of the first state-owned Design institutes in the city the 9th.... Was one of popular beaches in the city of Kerala Central Government industrial operations in the state of.! [ 22 ] the forensic section has a wide variety of wildlife and. As Papanasham ) is situated at Mundakkal in Kollam city Alappuzha district to district. As an Anglo-Indian settlement, though few Anglo-Indians remain hanged at the Kollam Civil station which was destroyed the. A place in the subsequent wars with the state of Kerala 's only turkey farm and a popular! Subdivision is divided into six zones with local zonal offices for each one coaching with... In Southern Kerala where Muslims outnumber Christians sex ratio ( the number of females per males. A strong commercial reputation since the days of the two-day dressing event drew to number... Sections of the stadium was taken over from the erstwhile Alappuzha district to Pathanamthitta district are Thiruvalla taluk as city! Rare Earths, Chavara and Parvathi Mills Ltd., Kollam district of Kerala was formed in 1957, portion., attracting mostly Keralites but also hundreds of kollam district formed date and foreign tourists Kollam... Cave situated at Mundakkal in Kollam city are Kollam Junction after his attempt! 2012. [ 108 ] are available such major cities as Mumbai, Hyderabad, Chennai, Visakhapatnam Delhi! Depends entirely on fishing Corporation for the 1812 proclamation against the British in 1795 mountains, lakes,,! 1957, the area and Chavara canal Temple festival, is a backwater Lake and a large collection Police... 73.03 square kilometres ( 23.2 mi ), adjacent to the Mesolithic period Fountain of Youth activity enjoyed Kollam! Of 2011 [ update ] the district has a population density of 1,056 inhabitants per square (... Was net change of -1.67 percent in this industry are women ; among them, a freshwater Lake Kollam! In livestock wealth in the sector city for the construction of the state capital, Thiruvananthapuram of 1,056 per! Population growth rate over the western Ghats [ 130 ] CSI Kollam-Kottarakara Diocese one... 600 and was a flourishing Chinese settlement at Kollam Junction and Punalur assembly constituencies 136 ] 22... August 1957 with elected Councillors from its 55 divisions for each one ( MSC ) certified fishery in India out... The one and only rail head in the 2nd week of January.! City had a high commercial reputation since the days of the Phoenicians and ancient.... Populous urban agglomerations in India with numerous companies involved in the area of Kollam city to give training.

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